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Alexander von Humboldt: „Mexican Wealth“, in: ders., Sämtliche Schriften digital, herausgegeben von Oliver Lubrich und Thomas Nehrlich, Universität Bern 2021. URL: <https://humboldt.unibe.ch/text/1809-Voyage_de_MM-42-neu> [abgerufen am 17.04.2024].

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Titel Mexican Wealth
Jahr 1847
Ort Hillsborough, North Carolina
Nachweis
in: Hillsborough Recorder 28:1405 (18. November 1847), S. [1].
Sprache Englisch
Typografischer Befund Antiqua; Spaltensatz; Tabellensatz.
Identifikation
Textnummer Druckausgabe: II.76
Dateiname: 1809-Voyage_de_MM-42-neu
Statistiken
Seitenanzahl: 1
Zeichenanzahl: 3194

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|1|

MEXICAN WEALTH. from the travels of humboldt.

This traveller affirms that the riches ofMexico are infinitely superior to those ofPeru. I know of no Peruvian family, sayshe, in the possession of a fixed and certainrevenue of 130,000 francs ($26,000)—but in Mexico there are individuals whopossess no mines, and whose revenueamounts to a million of francs ($200,000.)The family of the Count de la Valencianopossesses alone, on the ridge on the Andes, a property worth 25,000,000 offrancs, ($5,000,000) without includingthe mine of Valenciano, which yields oneyear with another, a nett revenue of 1,500,000 livres ($240,000.) The Count de Regia built at his ownexpense two vessels of the largest size,worth $600,000, and presented them tothe King of Spain. The family of Fagoaga, well knownfor its beneficence, intelligence and zealfor the public good, exhibits the exampleof the greatest wealth which was everderived from a mine. A single veinwhich the Marquis of Fagoaga possessesin the district of Sombredath, left in fiveor six months, all charges deducted, anett profit of $4,000,000. The European reader will be still moreastonished, when I inform him of the extraor-dinary fact, that this family lent about theyear 1800, a sum of more than three mil-lions and a half of francs, ($700,000)without interest, to a friend whose for-tune they believed would be made by itin a solid manner. The mines (says Humboldt) have un-doubtedly been the chief sources of thegreatest fortunes of Mexico; but there isalso a considerable number of rich fami-lies who have never had the working ofany mines. Such are the descendants of Cortes, the conqueror of Mexico. TheDuke of Montelon, the head of that fam-ily, possesses superb estates in the prov-ince of Caxaco. They would yield himan annual revenue of $300,000, but resi-ding in Naples, the greater part of thissum is pocketed by collectors. To complete the view of the immensewealth centred in the hands of a few indi-viduals in Mexico, (continues Humboldt,) I will add exact establishments of the rev-enue of some of the Mexican clergy; avast number of whom suffer extreme pov-erty, while others possess revenueswhich surpass those of many of the sove-reign princes of Germany. For exam-ple:
The Archbishop of Mexicoreceives annually, $130,000
The Bishop of Puebla, 110,000
“ of Valladolid, 100,000
“ of Guadalaxaro, 90,000
“ of Durango, 35,000
“ of Monterey, 30,000
“ of Yucatan, 20,000
“ of Oarcara, 18,000
“ of Sonora, 6,000
Making the enormous sum of $539,000annually divided among eight clergymen!A sum almost sufficient to defray the ex-penses of the civil government of the Uni-ted States. But it is in Mexico, as everywhere else, theinordinate wealth of a few makes the inor-dinate poverty of many. The great body ofthe people (says Humboldt) are sufferingfor necessaries, while the nobles and greatclergy are wallowing in princely estates.In the metropolis alone, a city which con-tains 40,000 inhabitants, you may see20,000 poor wretches, living in the openair, and depending for their bread upon thebounty of the passenger.