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Alexander von Humboldt: „Mexico“, in: ders., Sämtliche Schriften digital, herausgegeben von Oliver Lubrich und Thomas Nehrlich, Universität Bern 2021. URL: <> [abgerufen am 17.04.2024].

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Titel Mexico
Jahr 1816
Ort Providence, Rhode Island
in: Rhode-Island American 8:84 [1815], S. [1].
Sprache Englisch
Typografischer Befund Antiqua; Spaltensatz; Auszeichnung: Kursivierung.
Textnummer Druckausgabe: II.76
Dateiname: 1809-Voyage_de_MM-21-neu
Seitenanzahl: 1
Spaltenanzahl: 2
Zeichenanzahl: 5295

Weitere Fassungen
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Humboldt’s History of New Spain (Boston, Massachusetts, 1811, Englisch)
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Humboldt’s History of New Spain (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1811, Englisch)
Humboldt’s History of New-Spain (Washington, District of Columbia, 1811, Englisch)
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Political Essay in the Kingdom of New Spain, containing researches relative to the geography of Mexico, the extent of ist surface, and its political division into intendancies, &c. &c. With physical sections and maps, founded on astronomical observations, and trigonometrical and barometrical measurements. Translated from the original French, by John Black. Vols. I and II. New-York. Riley, 1811. 8vo. (New York City, New York, 1811, Englisch)
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Mexican Wealth (Wilmington, North Carolina, 1847, Englisch)
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Historical, Topographical, and Geographical Sketch of the Californias (New Orleans, Louisiana, 1849, Englisch)


  • We copy from the Baltimore American thefollowing description of the city of Mexico,abridged from the Travels of Baron de Humboldt, who visited Mexico, under thepatronage of the King of Spain:
The city of Mexico is situated in a vale,surrounded by verdant and lofty mountains.—The capital re-constructed by the Spaniards,exhibits, perhaps, a less vivid, though a moreaugust and majestick appearance. With theexception of Petersburg, Berlin, and Philadel-phia, and some quarters of Westminster, theredoes not exist a city of the same extent whichcan be compared to the capital of New Spain,for the uniform level of the ground on whichit stands, for the regularily and breadth of thestreets, and the extent of the publick places.—The architecture, generally, is of a very purestyle, and there are even edifices of verybeautiful structure. The balustrades andgates are all of Biscay iron. The edificedestined for the school of mines, for whichthe country furnished a sum of more than threemillions of francs (125,010 sterling) wouldadorn the principal places of Paris or London.Two great palaces were recently constructedby Mexican Artists, pupils of the Academy ofFine Arts of the capital. One of these pala-ces exhibits a very beautiful oval peristyle ofcoupled columns. The traveller justly ad-mires a vast circumference paved with por-phyry flags, and enclosed with an iron railing,richly ornamented with bronze, containing anequestrian statue of King Charles the Fourth.The city of Mexico is remarkable for its ex-cellent police. The most parts of the streetshave very broad pavements, and they areclean and well lighted. The objects which gen-erally attract the attention of the traveller,are: 1. The Cathedral, which has two towers or-namented with pillars and statues, and is ofvery beautiful symmetry. 2. The Treasury, from which, since the be-ginning of the 16th century, more than 6500millions in gold and silver have been coined. 3. The Convents, among which the greatConvent of St. Francis is particularly distin-guished, which from alms alone, possesses anannual revenue of half a million of francs. 4. The Hospital, or rather the two unitedHospitals, of which the one maintains 600,the other 800 children and old people. 5. The Acordada, a fine edifice, of whichthe prisons are generally spacious and wellaired. 6. The School of Mines, with its fine collec-tions in physicks, mechanicks and minaralogy. 7. The Botanical Garden, which is extreme-ly rich in vegetable productions. 8. The edifices of the University and Pub-lick Library. 9. The equestrian statue of King Charlesthe Fourth. According to the most recent and least un-certain dates, the actual population of the cityof Mexico appears to be from 135 to 140,000souls. The Clergy of Mexico are extremelynumerous. The Archbishop possesses a revenueof 682,500 livres (18,420l. sterling.) Therevenue of the Inquisition amounts to 200,000livres. The market of Mexico is richly sup-plied. The greater part of the roots are cul-tivated on the Chinampas, called by the Euro-peans floating gardens.—They are towed withlong poles. The edges of the squares aregenerally ornamented with flowers. Thepromenade in boats around the Chinampas, isone of the most agreeable that can be enjoyedin the environs of Mexico. No city of the new continent, without evenexcepting those of the United States, can dis-play such great solid and scientifick establish-ments as the capital of Mexico. In the Acad-emy of Arts is a much finer and more completecollection of casts than is to be found in anypart of Germany. The collection of castsbrought to Mexico, cost the King 200,000francs. The revenue of the Academy of Fine Artsat Mexico amounts to 125,000 francs. It is im-possible not to perceive the influence of this es-|Spaltenumbruch|tablishment on the taste of the nation. What anumber of beautiful edifices are to be seen atMexico! nay, even in the provincial towns!These monuments, which frequently cost amillion and a million and a half of francs,would appear to advantage in the streets ofSt. Petersburgh, Berlin or Paris. M. Tolsa,professor of sculpture at Mexico, was evenable to cast an equestrian statue of King Charles the Fourth, which with the excep-tion of the Marcus Aurelius at Rome, surpas-ses in beauty and purity of style, every thingwhich remains in this way in Europe. In-struction is communicated gratis at the Acad-emy of Fine Arts. The architectural workscarried on in the capital of Mexico are sogreat, that notwithstanding the low rate ofwages, the superb edifice for the school ofmines will cost at least three millions offrancs. Nothing can present a more rich and variedappearance than the valley, when in a finesummer morning, we transport ourselves tothe top of one of the towers of the Cathedralof Mexico. The city appears as if washed bythe waters of the Lake of Tezcuco, whose bas-in, surrounded by villages and hamlets, bringsto mind the most beautiful lakes of the moun-tains of Switzerland. Large avenues of elmsand poplars lead in every direction to the cap-ital, and two aqueducts, constructed over arch-es of very great elevation, cross the plain, andexhibit an appearance equally agreeable andinteresting.