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Alexander von Humboldt: „Translation from Humboldt’s Essai Politique, &c. Vol. 1, p. 8, &c.“, in: ders., Sämtliche Schriften digital, herausgegeben von Oliver Lubrich und Thomas Nehrlich, Universität Bern 2021. URL: <https://humboldt.unibe.ch/text/1809-Voyage_de_MM-31-neu> [abgerufen am 17.04.2024].

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Titel Translation from Humboldt’s Essai Politique, &c. Vol. 1, p. 8, &c.
Jahr 1819
Ort Mount Pleasant, Ohio
Nachweis
in: The Philanthropist 59 [= 3:7] (11. Dezember 1819), S. 106–107.
Sprache Englisch
Typografischer Befund Antiqua; Spaltensatz; Auszeichnung: Kursivierung; Fußnoten mit Asterisken und Paragraphen.
Identifikation
Textnummer Druckausgabe: II.76
Dateiname: 1809-Voyage_de_MM-31-neu
Statistiken
Seitenanzahl: 2
Spaltenanzahl: 4
Zeichenanzahl: 3052

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|106| |Spaltenumbruch| |Spaltenumbruch|

Translation from Humboldt’sEssai Politique, &c. Vol. 1, p. 8, &c.

“We wish to compare theextent and population ofMexico, with the two Em-pires with which this beautifulcolony has relations of unionand rivalship. Spain is fivetimes smaller than Mexico;and probably in less than acentury, the population ofMexico will equal that ofSpain. The United Statesof North America, since thecession of Louisiana and theclaim of Rio Bravo del Norteas their limit, include 240,000square leagues; and their po-pulation is but little superiorto that of Mexico. “If the political force oftwo states depend only onthe space which they occupyon the globe, and number oftheir inhabitants; if the natureof the soil and configurationof the coasts; if the climate,the energy of the nation, and,above all, the perfection ofthe social instututions, werenot the principal elements ofthis grand calculation of pow-er, (calcul dynamique), thekingdom of New Spain mightnow rank with the Confede-ration of the American repub-lic. Both feel the inconve-nience of a population toounequally distributed. Thatof the United States, thoughoccupying a soil and climateless favored by nature, in- |107| |Spaltenumbruch|creases with a rapidity infi-nitely greater; nor does it in-clude, like the population ofMexico nearly two millionsand an half of Aborigines.These Indians, brutalized bythe despotism of the ancient Azteque Sovereigns, and bythe vexations of the first con-querors, although protectedby Spanish laws generallywise and humane, enjoy, infact, but little of that protec-tion, on account of their greatdistance from the supremeauthority. The kingdom ofNew Spain has one markedadvantage over the UnitedStates: the number of slaves, either African or of the mixtrace, is, in Mexico, almostnothing, (presque nul.)—anadvantage, which the Euro-pean colonists did not beginto appreciate until after thetragic events of the revolutionof St. Domingo: so true is it,that the dread of physicalevils operates more power-fully than moral considerati-ons on the true interests ofsociety, or the principles ofphilanthropy and justice, sofrequently declared in Parli-ament, in the Constituent As-sembly, and in the works ofphilosophers! The numberof African slaves in the Uni-ted States is more than amillion §—it is the sixth partof the whole population.The Southern states, whose |Spaltenumbruch|political influence has increa-sed since the acquistion ofLouisiana, have, inconsider-ately, augmented the numberof slaves. But, by a nation-al act, the result of both jus-tice and prudence, the com-merce in negroes has beenabolished. This would havebeen done at a much earlierday, if the law had permittedthe President of the UnitedStates, (a magistrate whosename* is dear to the truefriends of humanity) to op-pose himself to the introduc-tion of slaves, and by that tosave future generations fromgreat misfortunes.”

§ At this time the number isprobably near two millions. Ed.* Thomas Jefferson, author of theexcellent Essay on Virgina.