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Alexander von Humboldt: „From Humboldt’s Essay on New Spain“, in: ders., Sämtliche Schriften digital, herausgegeben von Oliver Lubrich und Thomas Nehrlich, Universität Bern 2021. URL: <> [abgerufen am 23.07.2024].

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Titel From Humboldt’s Essay on New Spain
Jahr 1820
Ort Washington, District of Columbia
in: Daily National Intelligencer 8:2381 (30. August 1820), [o. S.].
Sprache Englisch
Typografischer Befund Antiqua; Spaltensatz; Auszeichnung: Kursivierung.
Textnummer Druckausgabe: III.7
Dateiname: 1811-Fragment_d_un-5-neu
Seitenanzahl: 1
Zeichenanzahl: 1884

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From Humboldt’s Essay on New Spain (Washington, District of Columbia, 1820, Englisch)
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from humboldt’s essay on new spain.

“In the low countries of Mexico, as in Europe,the sudden suppression of transpiration is one ofthe principal occasional causes of gastric or bil-ious fevers, and especially of Cholera Morbus,which exhibits symptoms so frightful. The cli-mate of Acapulco, whose temperature is uniformthroughout the different seasons of the year, per-mits these sudden suppressions of transpiration,from the singular coolnes which prevails there forseveral hours before sun rising. On those coastsstrangers not acclimated, if, being slightly cloth-ed, they travel in the night, or sleep in open air.In Cumana, and other places of equinoctial cli-mate, the temperature does not diminish towardssun-rising more than one or two degrees of theCentigrade thermometer (18 to 36, of Fahren-heit). In the day time the thermometer is, there,at 82 to 84 of F. and in the night at 73 to 75. AtAcapulco I have found the temperature in theday-time at 84 to 86—during the night it is about79—but, for about three hours before sun-rising,it sinks rapidly to 60 or 64. “This change produces a very sensible im-pression on the organs. In no other part of thetropical regions have I felt so great coolness inthe latter part of the night; we seem to pass sud-denly from summer to autumn and yet the sunhas hardly risen before we complain of the heat.In a climate in which health depends chiefly onthe functions of the skin, and in which the organsare affected with the slightest changes of tempe-rature, a diminution of 18 or 20 degrees produ-ces suppressions of transpiration, extremely dan-gerous to Europeans not acclimated.” Is it not very proper to attribute many, if notmost, of our diseases in the United States, to thesame cause, viz: the sensible diminution of tem-perture in the latter part of the night, duringAugust and September?