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Alexander von Humboldt: „From Humboldt’s Essay on New Spain“, in: ders., Sämtliche Schriften digital, herausgegeben von Oliver Lubrich und Thomas Nehrlich, Universität Bern 2021. URL: <https://humboldt.unibe.ch/text/1811-Fragment_d_un-6-neu> [abgerufen am 23.07.2024].

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Titel From Humboldt’s Essay on New Spain
Jahr 1820
Ort New York City, New York
Nachweis
in: The American 1:155 (6. September 1820), [o. S.].
Sprache Englisch
Typografischer Befund Antiqua; Spaltensatz; Auszeichnung: Kursivierung.
Identifikation
Textnummer Druckausgabe: III.7
Dateiname: 1811-Fragment_d_un-6-neu
Statistiken
Seitenanzahl: 1
Zeichenanzahl: 1867

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From Humboldt’s Essay on New Spain.

“In the low countries of Mexico, as in Eu-rope, the sudden suppression of transpiration isone of the principal occasional causes of gastricor bilious fevers, and especially of CholeraMorbus, which exhibits symptoms so frightful.The climate of Acapulco, whose temperamentis uniform throughout the different seasons ofthe year, permits these sudden suppressions oftranspiration, from the singular coolness whichprevails there for several hours before sun rising.On those coasts strangers not acclimated, if,being slightly clothed, they travel in the night,or sleep in open air. In Cumana, and otherplaces of equinoctial climate, the temperaturedoes not diminish towards sun-rising more thanone or two degrees of the Centigrade thermo-meter (1-8 to 3-6, of Fahrenheit.) In the daytime the thermometer is, there, at 82 to 84 of F.and in the night at 73 to 75. At Acapulco Ihave found the temperature in the day-time at84 to 86—during the night it is about 79—but,for about three hours before sun-rising, it sinksrapidly to 60 or 64. “This change produces a very sensible im-pression on the organs. In no other part of thetropical regions have I felt so great coolness inthe latter part of the night; we seem to passsuddenly from summer to autumn, and yet thesun has hardly risen before we complain of theheat. In a climate in which health dependschiefly on the functions of the skin, and inwhich the organs are affected with the slightestchanges of temperature, a diminution of 18 or20 degrees produces suppressions of transpi-ration, extremely dangerous to Europeans not acclimated.” Is it not very proper to attribute many, if notmost, of our diseases in the United-States, tothe same cause, viz: the sensible diminution oftemperature in the latter part of the night,during August and September?