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Alexander von Humboldt: „Junction of the atlantic and pacific oceans“, in: ders., Sämtliche Schriften digital, herausgegeben von Oliver Lubrich und Thomas Nehrlich, Universität Bern 2021. URL: <https://humboldt.unibe.ch/text/1853-Junction_of_the-12-neu> [abgerufen am 23.03.2023].

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Titel Junction of the atlantic and pacific oceans
Jahr 1853
Ort Dublin
Nachweis
in: The Advocate. Or, Irish Industrial Journal 12:7 (17. August 1853), S. 107–108.
Sprache Englisch
Typografischer Befund Antiqua; Spaltensatz; Auszeichnung: Kursivierung.
Identifikation
Textnummer Druckausgabe: VII.49
Dateiname: 1853-Junction_of_the-12-neu
Statistiken
Seitenanzahl: 2
Zeichenanzahl: 3480

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The Isthmus of Darien. Letter from Baron Alexander von Humboldt to Lionel Gisborne, Esq., M. A., C. E. (New York City, New York, 1853, Englisch)
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The Isthmus of Darien. Letter from Baron Alexander von Humboldt to Lionel Gisborne, Esq., M. A., C. E. (Boston, Massachusetts; New York City, New York, 1853, Englisch)
Letter from Baron Alexander von Humboldt to Lionel Gisborne, Esq., M.A., C.E. (Sydney, 1853, Englisch)
|107|

JUNCTION OF THE ATLANTIC AND PACIFICOCEANS.

Extract from a letter on this subject, addressed by BaronAlexander Von Humboldt to Mr. Lionel Gisborne:—Everything depends upon energy and perseverance. Itherefore, congratulate you, sir, and your courageousfriend Mr. Cullen, as well as Sir Chailes Fox, Mr. Hen-derson, and Mr. Brassey, for having given your names toso noble an undertaking. I have always considered,firstly, the opening of an oceanic canal without locks, andsecondly, the cut at Huchnecoca, in the valley of Mexico(which is on a comparatively smaller scale, as may be seenfrom the map and section published), as two events calcu-lated highly to improve the relations between the differentfamilies of the human species. In fact, such a work asthe one you contemplate will bring Eastern Asia nearerto the nations of Europe and America. It will renderthe whole globe more easy to be travelled over; this littleglobe, of which Christopher Columbus, in one of hisletters to the Queen of Spain, said—“El mundo es poco.It will facilitate the diffusion of productions, especiallyof precious metals, of which the relative value (1 to 15 5-6)would change too suddenly without this “permeability”of the world.As early as the discovery of the new continent, civilisa-tion had spread, in a direction from north to south, overthose portions of America which lie opposite to Asia,those on the European side being then occupied by barba-rous hunting tribes.The finest harbours, the most precious products, arelikewise found in the west.Even the currents of the air, by their direction, contri-bute towards the preponderance of West American powerover the rich countries of Asia. The increasing impor-tance of the west coast of America promises to balance,at some future time, the surprising progress of theAtlantic States, provided the Western states keep them-selves free from that hideous disease—slavery of coloredpeople.Indeed, sir, I feel the most ardent wishes for the happysuccess of this oceanic canal. The attention which thepublic of the two continents bestow already upon yourundertaking, will increase as soon as you will be enabled,assisted by farther explorations, and a survey extendingover all details, and carried on by a great number ofexperienced men, to publish, on a large scale, maps andsections of the line fixed upon between Puerto Escocesand the Gulf of San Miguel. The changes which thesuccess of the undertaking is sure to effect in the interna-tional commerce of the world, will only disturb such peo-ple, as in the narrowness of their views, oppose themselvesto the natural and providential course of events, and shedtears over the unfortunate discovery of America. TheRio Huaxacualco with its portage to the Rio Chimalapa(Tehuantepec), of which I published the first map afterthe itineraries discovered by me in the archives of the|108| Vice Kingdom of Mexico, will always be of great impor-tance, owing to its position opposite Louisiana, in theGulf of Mexico, which has all the appearance of soonbecoming a mare clausum—a lake of the United States.The nature of the soil, however, does not allow greatworks to be carried out in that locality; besides, youknow the difficulties impeding any canalisation or rectifi-cation of rivers of great length, and the great variationsof the volume of water, as in the river San Juan. But arailway would be of great advantage to the southernstates.